Results from a clinical phase I first-in-human study of the drug candidate ADC-1013, also known as JNJ-64457107, a human, monospecific, agonistic, IgG1 antibody targeting the co-stimulatory receptor CD40 being developed by Alligator Bioscience, support further development of the investigational treatment.
The study results show that ADC-1013 is generally well tolerated and support further clinical development of ADC-1013 as a mono- or combination therapy. The data will be presented in an oral and poster presentation at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 32nd Annual Meeting in National Harbor, Maryland, US, on 10 and 11 November 2017.
“We are very excited about the continued progress and promising early data of ADC-1013”, said Per Norl?n, CEO at Alligator Bioscience. “The data indicate that it is well tolerated at clinically relevant doses. There is clear evidence supporting activation of CD40 receptors, which together with the clinical observations give us increased confidence for the continued clinical development of ADC-1013.”
ADC-1013 is a drug candidate intended for immunotherapy of different types of cancer. Pre-clinical data has shown that the ADC-1013 antibody effectively activates T-cells, mediated through binding to the co-stimulatory receptor CD40 on dendritic cells. The increased T-cell activation enables the immune system to attack the cancer. In addition, since some cancer cells express CD40 on the surface, ADC-1013 may act also through a secondary mechanism of action killing cancer cells directly.
In August 2015, Alligator licensed global development rights for ADC-1013 (JNJ-64457107) to Janssen Biotech, Inc. Currently, Janssen Biotech, performs a phase I dose-escalation clinical study (ClinicalTrials: NCT02829099) with intravenous administration of ADC-1013. This study is ongoing with approximately 50 patients recruited to date.
Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer
The study to be presented (ClinicalTrials: NCT02379741) during the meeting of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer is a multicenter, open-label phase I study in patients with late stage solid tumors no longer responding to standard treatment evaluating safety and tolerability, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, biomarker response and clinical response. The study is a dose-escalation study, involving intratumoral (22.5-400 ?g/kg) and intravenous (75 ?g/kg) administration of ADC-1013 at five hospitals in Sweden, Denmark and the UK.
A total of 23 patients were treated with ADC-1013, either intratumorally or intravenously. Focus on this study was on intratumoral administration, with only five patients receiving ADC-1013 intravenously. Alligator’s partner Janssen Biotech, Inc., is currently performing a phase I dose-escalation study investigating intravenous administration of ADC-1013.
Adverse events throughout the study were primarily fatigue, pyrexia, nausea and vomiting, and were mostly CTCAE Grade 1 or 2 and transient. Intratumoral administration of ADC-1013 into superficial metastases was well tolerated at doses up to at least 400 ?g/kg. Two patients experienced dose limiting effects (grade 3 abdominal pain) at 400 ?g/kg after injections into deeper (i.e. hepatic) lesions.
Secondary outcome measures on tumor efficacy included a best overall response of stable disease for at least 12 months in one patient who received 400 ?g/kg intratumorally into a superficial lesion with intraindividual dose escalation up to 900 ?g/kg.
The oral presentation will be held at session Clinical Trials: New Agents, starting at 1:45 p.m. ET (7:45 p.m. CET) on 10 November 2017. The accompanied study poster will be presented on Saturday 11 November.
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