Glossary – Medical Abbreviations (E-G)


E1
estrone

E2
estradiol

EATL
enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma

EBER
Epstein-Barr early RNA

EBV
Epstein-Barr virus

EC
endothelial cell

EFS
event-free survival

EGF
A protein growth factor (6 KDa, 53 amino acids) that binds to the Epidermal growth factor receptor. Binding of EGF activates specific growth pathways in some cancer cells and also some normal cells.

EGFR
epidermal growth factor receptor: the protein found on the surface of most epithelial cells and to which Epidermal growth factor binds, causing a signalling cascade within the cells that eventually leads to cell division.

EGFRI
Drugs that target and inhibit the EGFR, including monoclonal antibodies and low-molecular-weight Tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

EIA
enzymo-immunoassay

EMA
European Medicines Agency

EML4
echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4

EN
enteral nutrition

EOD-CS
early-onset diarrhoea-cholinergic syndrome

EOT
end of treatment

EPI
epirubicin

EPI-OL
epirubicinol

EPO
erythropoietin

ER
estrogen receptor

ERCC
excision repair cross complement

ESMO
European Society for Medical Oncology

ESPEN
European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism

F

FAA
flavone acetic acid

FDA
Food and Drug Administration

FDG
F-18-Fluorodeoxyglucose

FFS
failure free survival

FGF
fibroblastic growth factor

FH2
dihydrofolic acid

FH4
tetrahydrofolic acid

FL
follicular lymphoma

FN
febrile neutropenia

FPE
fixed paraffin embedded

FSH
follicle stimulating hormone

G

G-CSF
granulocyte-colony stimulating factor

GFR
glomerular filtration rate

GI
gastrointestinal

GI50
growth inhibition of 50% of cells

GIST
gastrointestinal stromal tumour

GnRH
gonadotropin-releasing hormone

GPCRs
G protein-coupled receptors

GRFT
glycinamide ribonucleotide formyl transferase